PTOLEMAIC EGYPT, Cleopatra III & Ptolemy X Alexander I (107-101 BC). AR Tetradrachm (13.40 gm) VF, Alexandria. Royal Year 12 of Cleopatra III & RYY 9 of Ptolemy X (106/5). Diademed head of Ptolemy I right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed. Bright white coin, well centered with good detail in Ptolemy's hair and Eagle's feathers.Ptolemy I began a long lived dynasty in Egypt following Alexander's conquests, and both his name and Cleopatra's were widely used by the leadership over the centuries of rule. 160101 BC was a queen of Egypt. She ruled at first with her mother Cleopatra II and husband Ptolomy VIII from 142 to 131 BC and again from 127 to 116 BC.
She then ruled with her sons Ptolomy IX and Ptolomy X from 116 to 101 BC. Cleopatra III was also known as Cleopatra Euergetis while associated with her husband Ptolemy VIII or her son Ptolemy X. She is attested as Cleopatra Philometor Soteira while associated with her eldest son Ptolemy IX.
According to Strabo, she was sometimes known as Kokke when discussed in relation to her son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy X Alexander I (Greek : , Ptolemaos Aléxandros) was King of Egypt from 110 BC to 109 BC and 107 BC till his death in 88 BC, in co-regency with his mother Cleopatra III until 101 BC, and then possibly with his niece-wife Berenice III. Ptolemy X Alexander I was the younger son of pharaohs Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III.
Following the death of Ptolemy VIII in 116 BC, Cleopatra III co-ruled with her elder son Ptolemy IX Lathyros. In 110 BC Cleopatra III deposed Ptolemy IX, making Ptolemy X King, with her as co-regent. However, in 109 BC Ptolemy X was deposed by his brother Ptolemy IX. In 107 BC he became King again with his mother as co-regent. In 101 BC he had his mother killed, and ruled either alone or with his niece/wife, Berenice III, the daughter of Ptolemy IX.Ptolemy X was exiled around 88 BC when his citizens and army turned against him. He fled to Syria, and upon his return with a new army became infamous for melting down and looting the golden sarcophagus of Alexander the Great, in order to pay the mercenaries which brought him back on the throne, and replacing the former sarcophagus with one made of glass.
The citizens of Alexandria were so outraged at this act that they exiled him again almost immediately and attempted to wipe out all record of him. He would later be killed on his way to Cyprus. When Ptolemy X died, Ptolemy IX regained the throne. When Ptolemy IX died in 81 BC, Ptolemy X's wife Berenice III took over the throne for six months. The item "Ptolemaic Egypt Cleopatra III & Ptolemy X 107-101 BC AR Tetradrachm Alexandria" is in sale since Wednesday, November 6, 2019.
This item is in the category "Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Greek (450 BC-100 AD)". The seller is "appreciatingobjects" and is located in Hampton, New Hampshire. This item can be shipped worldwide.