Item: i51205 Authentic Ancient Coin of. CELTIC, Danube Region, in the style of Philip III, c. 2nd - 1st century B. Silver Tetradrachm 29mm (14.81 grams) struck circa 2nd - 1st century B.I, 198 Crude head of Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding eagle and scepter; monogram in field to left; I below throne. Numismatic Note: The Celtic peoples would issue their own versions of the coins of their neighbors, such as the Greeks which have their own unique style to behold. The reason they did this as they traded with the Greeks and their coins were popular and recognized for trade, so they struck their own. Or /slts/, see Celtic pronunciation of were a diverse group of tribal societies in Iron Age and Roman-era Europe who spoke Celtic languages. Diachronic distribution of Celtic peoples. Core Hallstatt territory, by the 6th century BC. Maximal Celtic expansion, by 275 BC. Lusitanian area of Iberia where Celtic presence is uncertain.
The "six Celtic nations" which retained significant numbers of Celtic speakers into the Early Modern period. Areas where Celtic languages remain widely spoken today. The earliest archaeological culture commonly accepted as Celtic, or rather Proto-Celtic , was the central European Hallstatt culture c. 800-450 BC, named for the rich grave finds in Hallstatt , Austria.
By the later La Tène period c. 450 BC up to the Roman conquest, this Celtic culture had expanded over a wide range of regions, whether by diffusion or migration : to the British Isles (Insular Celts), the Iberian Peninsula (Celtiberians , Celtici and Gallaeci), much of Central Europe , (Gauls) and following the Gallic invasion of the Balkans in 279 BC as far east as central Anatolia (Galatians). The earliest directly attested examples of a Celtic language are the Lepontic inscriptions, beginning from the 6th century BC.Continental Celtic languages are attested only in inscriptions and place-names. Insular Celtic is attested from about the 4th century AD in ogham inscriptions , although it is clearly much earlier. Literary tradition begins with Old Irish from about the 8th century.
Coherent texts of Early Irish literature , such as the Táin Bó Cúailnge (The Cattle Raid of Cooley), survive in 12th-century recensions. According to the theory of John T. Koch and others, the Tartessian language may have been the earliest directly attested Celtic language with the Tartessian written script used in the inscriptions based on a version of a Phoenician script in use around 825 BC.By mid 1st millennium AD, following the expansion of the Roman Empire and the Great Migrations (Migration Period) of Germanic peoples , Celtic culture and Insular Celtic had become restricted to Ireland and to the western and northern parts of Great Britain (Wales , Scotland , Cornwall and the Isle of Man) and northern France (Brittany). The Continental Celtic languages ceased to be widely used by the 6th century. Insular Celtic culture diversified into that of the Gaels (Irish , Scottish and Manx), the Brythonic Celts (Welsh , Cornish , and Bretons) of the medieval and modern periods.
A modern " Celtic identity " was constructed in the context of the Romanticist Celtic Revival in Great Britain (Wales, Scotland, Cornwall and the Isle of Man) and Ireland. In France a similar revival of Breton is taking place in Brittany. Hercules is the Roman name for the Greek divine hero Heracles , who was the son of Zeus (Roman equivalent Jupiter) and the mortal Alcmene. In classical mythology , Hercules is famous for his strength and for his numerous far-ranging adventures. The Romans adapted the Greek hero's iconography and myths for their literature and art under the name Hercules.
In later Western art and literature and in popular culture , Hercules is more commonly used than Heracles as the name of the hero. Hercules was a multifaceted figure with contradictory characteristics, which enabled later artists and writers to pick and choose how to represent him.
This article provides an introduction to representations of Hercules in the later tradition. Hercules is known for his many adventures, which took him to the far reaches of the Greco-Roman world. One cycle of these adventures became canonical as the "Twelve Labours, " but the list has variations.One traditional order of the labours is found in the Bibliotheca as follows. Slay the nine-headed Lernaean Hydra. Capture the Golden Hind of Artemis. Clean the Augean stables in a single day. Steal the Mares of Diomedes. Obtain the girdle of Hippolyta , Queen of the Amazons. Obtain the cattle of the monster Geryon. Steal the apples of the Hesperides.
Capture and bring back Cerberus. The Latin name Hercules was borrowed through Etruscan , where it is represented variously as Heracle , Hercle, and other forms. Hercules was a favorite subject for Etruscan art , and appears often on bronze mirrors. The Etruscan form Herceler derives from the Greek Heracles via syncope. A mild oath invoking Hercules Hercule!Was a common interjection in Classical Latin. Baby Hercules strangling a snake sent to kill him in his cradle (Roman marble, 2nd century CE).
Hercules had a number of myths that were distinctly Roman. One of these is Hercules' defeat of Cacus , who was terrorizing the countryside of Rome. The hero was associated with the Aventine Hill through his son Aventinus.
Mark Antony considered him a personal patron god, as did the emperor Commodus. Hercules received various forms of religious veneration , including as a deity concerned with children and childbirth , in part because of myths about his precocious infancy, and in part because he fathered countless children.
Roman brides wore a special belt tied with the " knot of Hercules ", which was supposed to be hard to untie. The comic playwright Plautus presents the myth of Hercules' conception as a sex comedy in his play Amphitryon ; Seneca wrote the tragedy Hercules Furens about his bout with madness. During the Roman Imperial era , Hercules was worshipped locally from Hispania through Gaul. After the Roman Empire became Christianized , mythological narratives were often reinterpreted as allegory , influenced by the philosophy of late antiquity. In the 4th century, Servius had described Hercules' return from the underworld as representing his ability to overcome earthly desires and vices, or the earth itself as a consumer of bodies.In medieval mythography, Hercules was one of the heroes seen as a strong role model who demonstrated both valor and wisdom, with the monsters he battles as moral obstacles. One glossator noted that when Hercules became a constellation , he showed that strength was necessary to gain entrance to Heaven.
Medieval mythography was written almost entirely in Latin, and original Greek texts were little used as sources for Hercules' myths. The Renaissance and the invention of the printing press brought a renewed interest in and publication of Greek literature. Renaissance mythography drew more extensively on the Greek tradition of Heracles, typically under the Romanized name Hercules, or the alternate name Alcides.In a chapter of his book Mythologiae (1567), the influential mythographer Natale Conti collected and summarized an extensive range of myths concerning the birth, adventures, and death of the hero under his Roman name Hercules. Conti begins his lengthy chapter on Hercules with an overview description that continues the moralizing impulse of the Middle Ages. Hercules, who subdued and destroyed monsters, bandits, and criminals, was justly famous and renowned for his great courage. His great and glorious reputation was worldwide, and so firmly entrenched that he'll always be remembered.
In fact the ancients honored him with his own temples, altars, ceremonies, and priests. But it was his wisdom and great soul that earned those honors; noble blood, physical strength, and political power just aren't good enough. Religion, Zeus was the "Father of Gods and men".
Who ruled the Olympians of. As a father ruled the family.
Zeus was the child of. And the youngest of his siblings. In most traditions he was married to.
Although, at the oracle of. He is the father of. He is known for his erotic escapades. These resulted in many godly and heroic offspring, including. ; by Hera, he is usually said to have fathered.
Points out in his book, Greek Religion , Even the gods who are not his natural children address him as Father, and all the gods rise in his presence. For the Greeks, he was the. Observed, "That Zeus is king in heaven is a saying common to all men". Zeus assigns the various gods their roles.In the Homeric Hymns he is referred to as the chieftain of the gods. In addition to his Indo-European inheritance, the classical "cloud-gatherer" also derives certain iconographic traits from the cultures of the. Zeus is frequently depicted by Greek artists in one of two poses: standing, striding forward, with a thunderbolt leveled in his raised right hand, or seated in majesty. What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? You will be quite happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing.
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