SC-2335.2a Pedigree: From the Michael Druck Collection. Certification: NGC Ancients AU Strike: 5/5 Surface: 3/5 4373080-003 Diademed head of Antiochus VIII facing right. ANTIOXOY , Zeus standing facing right, holding star and scepter, crescent moon above; monogram in field to left, all within laurel wreath. Religion, Zeus was the "Father of Gods and men". Who ruled the Olympians of.As a father ruled the family. Zeus was the child of.
And the youngest of his siblings. In most traditions he was married to. Although, at the oracle of. He is the father of. He is known for his erotic escapades.These resulted in many godly and heroic offspring, including. ; by Hera, he is usually said to have fathered. Points out in his book, Greek Religion , Even the gods who are not his natural children address him as Father, and all the gods rise in his presence. For the Greeks, he was the. Observed, "That Zeus is king in heaven is a saying common to all men".
Zeus assigns the various gods their roles. In the Homeric Hymns he is referred to as the chieftain of the gods. In addition to his Indo-European inheritance, the classical "cloud-gatherer" also derives certain iconographic traits from the cultures of the.
Zeus is frequently depicted by Greek artists in one of two poses: standing, striding forward, with a thunderbolt leveled in his raised right hand, or seated in majesty. Antiochus VIII Epiphanes/Callinicus/Philometor , nicknamed Grypus (hook-nose), was crowned as ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom in 125 BC.He was the son of Demetrius II Nicator and Cleopatra Thea. Antiochus Grypus was crowned as a teenager in 125 BC after his mother Cleopatra Thea had killed his elder brother Seleucus V Philometor , ruling jointly with her. After Antiochus defeated usurper Alexander II Zabinas in 123 BC his mother tried to poison him with wine, but the suspicious king forced her to drink the cup herself. (The story may have been inspired by the fact that Grypus was interested in toxicology; some poems about poisonous herbs believed to have been written by him are quoted by the famous physician Galen). The child Antiochus Epiphanes, who is known from coins, was deposedbut not killedwhen Demetrius II was restored in 129 BC.
Despite political shortcomings, Grypus was a popular king. His ugly, lazy appearance on coins (common among the last Seleucids), together with stories of his lavish banquets, made posterity believe his dynasty was degenerated and decadent.This was however a conscious image, an invocation of the Hellenistic idea Tryphe - meaning good life, which the last Seleucids strove to be associated with, as opposed to the exhausting civil wars and feuds which troubled their reigns in reality. A story of his luxurious parties claims he sent food home with guests who attended banquets, complete with a camel as beast of burden, as well as a with attendant to carry the guest himself. This should certainly have caused some strain on the already depleted treasury. Cyzicenus' wife, also named Cleopatra , was a sister of Tryphaena and was eventually killed in a dramatic fashion in the temple of Daphne outside Antioch , on the order of Tryphaena.
Cyzicenus eventually killed Tryphaena as revenge. The two brothers then divided the Seleukid Kingdom between them until Grypus was killed by his minister Heracleon in 96 BC. Five of Grypus' sons later rose to kingship.This contributed to the confusion of civil war amid which the Seleucid empire ended. He also had at least one daughter. Laodice VII Thea , married to king Mithridates I Callinicus of Commagene as part of a settlement by Mithridates' father Sames II Theosebes Dikaios to ensure peace between the Kingdom of Commagene and the Seleucid Empire. Laodice and Mithridates' son was king Antiochus I Theos of Commagene. This was a grandson to Grypus. The Seleucid Empire in 301 BC. The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty founded by Seleucus I Nicator following the division of the empire created by Alexander the Great. Seleucus received Babylonia and, from there, expanded his dominions to include much of Alexander's near eastern territories.
At the height of its power, it included central Anatolia , the Levant , Mesopotamia , Kuwait , Persia , Afghanistan , Turkmenistan , and northwest parts of India. The Greek population of the cities who formed the dominant elite were reinforced by emigration from Greece. Seleucid expansion into Anatolia and Greece was abruptly halted after decisive defeats at the hands of the Roman army. Their attempts to defeat their old enemy Ptolemaic Egypt were frustrated by Roman demands.Much of the eastern part of the empire was conquered by the Parthians under Mithridates I of Parthia in the mid-2nd century BC, yet the Seleucid kings continued to rule a rump state from the Seleukid Kingdom until the invasion by Armenian king Tigranes the Great and their ultimate overthrow by the Roman general Pompey. Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine, world coins & more. Ilya Zlobin is an independent individual who has a passion for coin collecting, research and understanding the importance of the historical context and significance all coins and objects represent. Send me a message about this and I can update your invoice should you want this method.
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